what is the diet for acid reflux? and What not to eat?
diet for acid reflux
Gastric acid return to the esophagus is called gastroesophageal reflux.
The chronic state of acid reflux of the stomach,
It occurs when the sphincter or lower esophageal constrictor muscle is weakened or seriously injured.
The esophageal sphincter’s task is to prevent the food from moving upward from the stomach to the esophagus.
Reflux symptoms appear due to an abnormal increase or decrease in gastric acid volume and can be partially controlled by correcting eating habits.
Which foods help reduce the symptoms of gastric reflux?
1- the vegetables – diet for acid reflux
Vegetables cause low stomach acid due to low fat and sugar.
Green beans, broccoli, asparagus, cauliflower,
Vegetables with edible green leaves,
Potatoes and cucumbers;
They are useful vegetables for gastric reflux.
2- Ginger – diet for acid reflux
Ginger has anti-inflammatory properties and is effective in treating stomach aches and other digestive problems.
You can add ginger root grated or chopped to a variety of foods and drinks.
3- Oat – diet for acid reflux
Oatmeal is a whole grain and rich source of fiber that is usually consumed in the form of a breakfast meal because of the absorption of gastric acid,
It is effective in reducing the symptoms of reflux. Whole grain rice and whole-grain bread,
Other high-fiber foods.
4- Fruits (other than citrus fruits)
Fruits like watermelon, melon, cantaloupe,
Banana, apple, and pear compared to citrus,
They are less likely to cause gastric reflux.
5- Low-fat meat – diet for acid reflux
Low-fat meats like chicken, turkey,
Fish and seafood are low in fat and can reduce the symptoms of gastric reflux.
Different types of low-fat meats can be grilled,
cook grilled or boiled.
6- Egg whites – diet for acid reflux
Egg whites are effective in reducing the symptoms of gastric reflux,
While yolk due to high amounts of fat,
Causes exacerbation of gastroesophageal reflux symptoms.
7- Useful fats – diet for acid reflux
Avocado, walnuts, flaxseed, olive oil, sesame oil, and sunflower oil;
These are sources of useful fats.
Avoid saturated and trans fats as much as possible, and use unsaturated oils that are healthier instead.
Symptoms of gastric reflux
Sour is one of the most common symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux, which, after eating whole meals or certain foods, may feel like gastric or chest irritation.
Even in chronic gastric reflux, a person may experience vomiting due to acid entering the esophagus.
Other symptoms include:
Dry cough; Sore throat; Bloating Burp or hiccup; Difficulty swallowing; Feeling stuck in the throat.
Certain foods exacerbate the symptoms of gastric reflux
Of course, foods that stimulate the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux are not the same in all patients, and there is no specific diet that removes all the symptoms at once.
To know exactly what foods your symptoms are most likely to exacerbate, eat all the foods you eat throughout the day,
Make a note of the time and write down the symptoms that come after each meal.
Keep these notes for at least a week.
If you have a varied diet, you should carefully record your foods and symptoms for a longer time.
This solution makes it specified to identify foods or drinks that exacerbate your symptoms.
The most common food that stimulates the symptoms of gastric reflux
High-fat fried foods cause the lower esophageal sphincter to rest,
They cause more gastric acid to enter the esophagus.
These foods also delay the time of gastric emptying.
So by reducing the amount of fat you consume daily, you can partially curb one of the causes of exacerbated gastric reflux symptoms.
The most common high-fat foods that you should limit their intake to include:
Fried potatoes and chopped onion rings in oil; High-fat dairy products like butter, milk,
fat in cheese or cream;
High-fat portions of beef or lamb,
Especially if they are fried;
Desserts or snacks such as ice cream and chips;
Creamy and high-fat sauces and sauces.
2- Tomatoes and citrus fruits
Fruits and vegetables have a special place in a healthy diet,
But some special fruits, especially acidic fruits,
Causes or exacerbates the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux.
If you suffer from chronic gastric reflux,
You should limit your consumption of the following foods in your daily diet:
Orange; Grapefruit; Types of lemons; Pineapple; tomato; Tomato sauce or foods containing tomato sauce such as pizza; Salsa sauce.
Chocolate contains a compound called methylxanthine that seems to relax the esophageal sphincter of the inferior muscle and aggravate the symptoms of gastric reflux.
4- Garlic, onions, and spicy foods
Spicy and extravagant foods, as well as foods full of garlic and onions,
In most people they cause sour.
Of course, these foods do not induce symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux in everyone, but if you are used to eating garlic and onions or high-fat foods,
Be sure to check for gastroesophageal reflux symptoms after taking such foods.
Drinking coffee in some people exacerbates the symptoms of gastric reflux,
Because caffeine is one of the stimulants of gastric reflux.
Peppermint or mint-flavored products, such as chewing gum and mouthwash,
In some people, it can exacerbate the symptoms of gastroesophageal reflux.
What lifestyle changes can improve the symptoms of gastric reflux?
In addition to diet modification, you can also reduce the severity of your gastroesophageal reflux symptoms by changing your lifestyle:
Under physician supervision, use antacids or other drugs that reduce gastric acid production; Chew gum, but not mint gum; Avoid alcoholic beverages; Don't eat anything three to four hours before bedtime; Do not smoke; Do not overeat; Lift the head of your bed about 10 to 15 cm.
What does scientific research say about gastric reflux?
There is no special diet to prevent gastric acid from returning to the esophagus.
However, some foods may work to reduce the symptoms of gastric reflux in some patients.
Scientific research has shown that increasing fiber intake,
Especially in the form of fruits and vegetables,
Partly effective in improving the symptoms of this disease,
But researchers still do not have complete information on how fibers prevent symptoms.
Increased fiber intake in addition to improving gastric reflux symptoms to reduce the risk of high cholesterol,
Uncontrolled blood sugar and hemorrhoids and other intestinal disorders also play an important role.
Be sure to talk to your doctor about the foods and drinks you are likely to worsen.
Remember, sometimes foods that reduce a person’s gastroesophageal reflux symptoms,
It may exacerbate the symptoms of someone else’s illness, but consulting with a nutritionist will definitely be helpful.
If you do not follow diet or lifestyle changes and see no significant improvement in your symptoms, see your doctor.
Your doctor may prescribe medication for you.
Doctors recommend surgery in very acute cases.