Vitamin D deficiency in children
One of the most common deficiencies in children today is vitamin D deficiency.
Baby needs vitamin D when it is growing in the mother’s womb,
so the mother should have balanced and nutritious meals to ensure the baby grows properly.
Vitamin D is essential even after birth and throughout life. Deficiency of normal levels of vitamin D in children can lead to osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis is a disease that causes skeletal abnormalities.
The disease is usually associated with a lack of calcium in the blood, which can lead to a variety of abnormalities and severe and painful heart problems.
Maternal vitamin D deficiency will be compensated by a healthy diet.
Why is vitamin D deficiency important in children?
Vitamin D is vital for the growth of children.
This vitamin is available in the sun in the early morning.
Vitamin D deficiency in children causes osteoporosis, unhealthy immune systems, infections and arthritis in adolescence.
The rapid growth of a child causes a deficiency of vitamin D..
children who are born with a low weight (less than 2500 grams) and grow rapidly after birth, children who are in puberty and grow very fast, if they do not receive enough vitamin D, they are deficient in this vitamin.
Children with certain diseases who become deficient in vitamin D due to lack of absorption.
For example, in a variety of diseases that are associated with fat malabsorption.
The use of some drugs, such as anticonvulsants that are used in epilepsy or other seizures, such as phenobarbital or phenytoin, also causes the patient to be deficient in this vitamin due to interference with vitamin D metabolism.
Signs and symptoms of vitamin D deficiency in children:
Muscle cramps, seizures and respiratory problems
Delayed tooth growth
Annoying cries of children
Susceptibility to various respiratory infections
Respiratory problems due to the softness of the chest
Poor growth and low weight
Weakening of the heart muscle
Common symptoms of osteoporosis include a soft skull, braced leg bones, severe leg jumps, recurrent leg muscle pain, and general weakness.
Some sources and foods rich in vitamin D include:
Food is the main source of minerals, vitamins and proteins for a growing child. Therefore, a balanced diet with proper vitamins and minerals is essential to avoid health risks.
The following is a list of foods rich in vitamin D:
Dairy products such as milk, yogurt, butter and cheese.
Juices, especially orange juice
Fish liver oil
Appropriate amount of vitamin D intake in children:
Vitamin D deficiency in children can be severe or mild.
Treatment and dosage of vitamin D in children depends on the severity of the deficiency.
To take this vitamin, you must first consult a pediatrician.
The recommended dosage according to the age of the children is as follows:
Infants up to 12 months of age need 10 mg of vitamin D daily.
Children over one year of age need 15 mg of vitamin D daily.
How is vitamin D deficiency treated in children?
Exposure of the child to the sun for a limited time:
A substance called dehydrocholesterol, which is a precursor of vitamin D, is present in human skin, which is converted to active vitamin D due to the sun’s rays on the skin, after some steps in the body in the kidneys.
Having a healthy and balanced diet:
Butter, cod liver oil, egg yolks, cream, liver, milk fortified with vitamin D, cerlak and powdered milk are sources of vitamin D.
Cow’s milk contains IU40 (International Unit) and vegetables and fruits contain very small amounts of Vitamin D, egg yolk contains 400-120 units of Vitamin D per gram.
In case of severe deficiency, high doses of vitamin D and Status Therapy are recommended.
This vitamin can be compensated orally and by intramuscular injection.
Intramuscular injections are given to children who are unable to eat.
Take calcium and phosphorus supplements or multivitamins to strengthen bones.
In studies of 500 sick children, experts found that the most common cause of illness in children and their hospitalization was due to vitamin D deficiency, so they recommend that children over one year take 600 international units (vitamin D) of vitamin D daily.
How can a child be prevented from getting vitamin D deficiency?
Prevention has always been better than cure.
It is important to know how to protect children from this vitamin deficiency.
Here are some tips:
Let the child play naked in the sun for a short time.
Vitamin D deficiency in breastfed infants is compensated by the mother taking vitamin D.
If children are deficient in vitamin D, their pediatrician will prescribe vitamin D supplements.
Give your children multivitamin-rich foods as they grow older.
Children can take vitamin D supplements daily.
If in doubt about whether your child is deficient in vitamin D, see your pediatrician for a test.
Vitamin D is essential for bone health and overall growth.
If you notice signs of vitamin D deficiency and suspect that your child may have it, consult your doctor to start treatment on time.