investigating the causes, symptoms and ways to treat tennis elbow disease
Swelling of the tendons attached to the outside of the bones that protrude from the elbow can cause tennis elbow disease.
For example, people who play golf are less likely to develop tennis elbow disease unless they use their elbows a lot.
In this section on updatebody, has pointed out that lateral epicondylitis is another name for tennis elbow.
What are the causes of tennis elbow disease?
Repetitive movements in the wrist, including playing tennis, locking, overuse of a hammer or screwdriver, painting, or any activity that requires a lot of elbow movement and opening and closing, can cause a tennis elbow.
In tennis, the following movements may cause the disease:
Apply extreme pressure to the wrist or use the back of the hand
Rotate the fingers
Intense opening and closing of the wrist with full force
Activities that make tennis elbow:
Rocket games such as tennis, badminton or squash
Throwing games like javelin throwing or discus throwing
Use garden shears
Use a paint brush or roller to design the house
Handicrafts such as plumbing or porcelain bricks
Activities that involve a lot of hand movement, such as scissors or typing
Activities that frequently bend the elbow, such as playing the violin
Chopping food, especially meat
Frequent use of computer mouse
What are the signs and symptoms of tennis elbow?
Pain on the outside of the forearm and just below the elbow
Feeling pain when lifting or bending the arm
Feeling of pain when turning the forearm, for example when you want to turn the door handle or open the jam jar.
Feeling of pain when stretching the arm
Fracture of the outside of the elbow
Waking up with severe pain in the elbow
Burning of forearm muscles
Elbow pain when lifting or holding an object
Shake hands when holding a package
Inability to hold a cup of coffee
When should you see a doctor for elbow tennis?
Tennis elbows usually do not cause serious problems, and if the condition persists and you do not seek treatment for it, you may have limited mobility or your elbows and forearms may not perform their functions well.
If you experience the following conditions, be sure to call a specialist, and if the pain is so severe that it limits your daily activities that do not even end with resting, freezing or taking sedatives or any weakness and numbness.
In the hand, which can be a sign of injury to the elbow or wrist.
How do doctors diagnose tennis elbow disease?
Your doctor will use one of the following methods to diagnose this condition.
It first asks about your medical and medication history, and then asks questions about your daily activities, work-up, recent sports activities, and other medical problems.
During a physical exam, your doctor may feel that your joint is damaged, which is why he or she is examining your nerves, muscles, bones, and skin.
If there is a possibility of an elbow joint problem, you should use X-rays.
Your doctor may ask you for a blood test, CT scan, or MRI to make sure your diagnosis.
Your doctor will usually ask you to do this when you suspect another illness.
Risk factors in tennis elbows
Risk factors are factors that may increase the risk of developing tennis elbow, which include the following:
While tennis elbow disease affects all ages, it is usually more common in people between the ages of 30 and 50.
People whose jobs require frequent movements of the wrists and arms are more prone to the disease, such as plumbers, painters, carpenters, butchers and cooks.
Certain sports, such as boxing or racquet sports, can increase the risk of developing the disease. Especially if your shots and techniques are wrong.
This condition can often improve on its own, but it is best to take medication prescribed by your doctor and he or she may suggest physical therapy and in more severe cases tell you that you need surgery.
If the symptoms were close to the tennis elbow, your doctor may suggest that you re-evaluate your tennis techniques or lighten your workload to relieve pressure on the damaged tissue.
It should be said that physical therapy can teach you exercises through which you can gradually stretch and strengthen your muscles, especially the muscles of the forearm.
These exercises can involve the lower part of the wrist and are very helpful, and the use of a wrist or forearm brace can reduce the pressure on the damaged tissue.
Remedies for tennis elbow or lateral epicondylitis
In other treatments, your doctor may suggest a platelet injection or ask you to have Botox, and sometimes acupuncture can help by inserting needles into the affected area.
In this procedure, you are usually exposed to ultrasound and the doctor places a plate on your skin at the site of the injury, and the ultrasound energy can cause the damaged tissue to gradually heal and the wounds to come out. .
If your symptoms do not go away after 6 to 12 weeks and the non-surgical treatment does not work, you may be a good candidate for surgery to remove the damaged tissue.
Surgery usually removes a large gap in this type of disease, and after surgery, effective exercises are prescribed for you to recover sooner.
PRP is the blood plasma that contains platelets and your body uses them for damaged tissue.
PRP injections can speed up the healing process of damaged tissue, especially in people whose cause is unknown.
Shock waves are another treatment that passes through your skin with high energy and helps to reduce pain and can improve your movement in a specific place.
Steroids are a type of medication that contains the hormone cortisol and are sometimes specifically used to treat musculoskeletal problems or pain.
8 exercises for tennis players elbows
The following exercises can improve your illness:
- Rotate the wrist
First, bend the elbow at a right angle and bring the wrist out and your palm is in front of your face and gently rotate the wrist around so that your palm is towards the ground and stay in this position for 5 seconds and this movement Repeat three times.
- Rotate the wrist with weights
This exercise is the same as the previous exercise, but in this type of person, he also holds very light weights, such as very small dumbbells or light food cans.
First, palm up, hold a light weight like a small dumbbell or a can of light food and bend the elbow at a right angle and bring the wrist out so that your hand is facing your face for 5 seconds. Stay in this position and then slowly release it and do this movement three times and after 10 repetitions, add two sets to it.
- Bend the elbow
Stand up straight and bring your arms up to one side and gently bend them up so that your hands touch your shoulders and stay in this position for 15 to 30 seconds and repeat the movement 9 times.
- Stretch the wrist
You should bring your arms straight up at an angle out of your body and your palms should be facing the ground and your wrists should be gently bent downwards and using your other hand, push your arms towards your body and this Hold the position for 15 to 30 seconds and straighten your hand again.
Repeat this movement twice and add two more sets after every three repetitions.
To do this, raise the arm directly in front of your body and your palm should be facing the ground and gently bend it upwards and use the other hand and push the fingers towards the body and Stay in this position for 15 to 30 seconds and straighten the wrist again and repeat this movement twice and after every three repetitions, add two more sets.
- Pressing the wrist
Use a rolled towel or sock or tennis ball and place it on the palm of your hand and grab the ball with force and you just have to have your fists and fingers in a fist position and tighten your fist for 10 seconds and this movement Repeat 9 times.
- Screw the towel
You should hold a rolled towel in one hand and your other hand on one side of the towel and relax and release your shoulders and with the other hand turn the towel in the opposite direction and repeat this movement 3 times.
Tennis elbow home remedies
After reviewing the treatments prescribed by your doctor and physiotherapist, reviews home remedies that include:
This treatment is one of the easiest ways to reduce pain and swelling in this area and can help prevent the progression of this condition and instead of ice you can use a frozen bag.
Put some ice cube in a thin towel and put your elbow on a pillow and then gently place the ice on the affected area and let it stay in this position for 10 to 15 minutes and do this movement several times a day.
Repeat until your pain goes away and just note that you should never put ice directly on the skin.
Can tennis elbow injuries be permanent?
Yes. The disease can leave permanent damage in rare cases, and inflammation of the tendons can lead to a rupture, which is often rare, and this rupture can cause muscle damage, and fortunately this condition occurs very rarely.
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