Physical activity and exercise suitable for hemophiliacs
Growing up with hemophilia can cause bruising, joint pain, or an inability to bear weight on the ankle, which is common.
“Many times my mother had to take me to a local hematology clinic for my injections,” said one patient.
I did not feel like a normal child and allowed hemophilia to calm me down and take me away from the life I wanted to have.
At about age 12, my hematologist encouraged me to be physically active, and he suggested water activities, and a glimmer of hope ignited in me, explaining that water activity keeps the joints in a non-stressful environment, and it’s time.
I did not allow hemophilia to hold me back, and I gradually became like a normal child.
I was full of willpower and started a hydrotherapy routine, weight training and healthy eating, and only a year later I was on an injectable contraception diet;
I had lost weight and actually started playing basketball, I never felt better like this time! There was no way back!
These were the words of a person who had been struggling with this disease for many years, but after many years, the following methods were suggested to him, which we will mention today in the section on Updatebody.
Exercise therapy and useful exercises for hemophilia patients
The biggest benefit of pool exercise is that the patient can transfer about 65% of their body weight through buoyancy, which helps increase strength and performance, free range of motion and reduce swelling and pain.
Performing a training program consisting of 30-minute sessions of swimming, cycling, basketball and yoga 3 times a week significantly reduces hematrosis (bleeding in the joints) and increases the range of motion, as well as water sports statistically and Significantly improves knee and hip flexibility, strength and aerobic fitness.
A recent study showed that the vast majority (81.7%) of people were able to adhere to this program and no harmful effects related to exercise were observed or reported.
Several other positive effects of hydrotherapy include:
Reduce fatigue and increase aerobic capacity
Waist weight loss (50%)
Reduce heart rate and blood pressure in water
Improves blood circulation to the muscles
Relieve extra pain
Better controlled breathing
Benefit from being able to do multiple joint exercises simultaneously.
Safety recommendations for hydrotherapy of hemophilia patients
Check with your healthcare provider, physical therapist, or HTC to see if water sports are right for you.
Wear blue shoes to prevent possible bleeding with hard surfaces on the ankle.
Find a physical therapist to oversee your first two sessions.
If you are not yet a skilled swimmer, be controlled by someone.
It’s so simple!
Do not work too much!
Your muscles will get tired later, even if you do not feel bad in the water.
Exercise for hemophilia patients and water exercises to try and do
Moving back and forth in the water at the level of the chest activates the leg muscles and has no effect on the knees or buttocks, and this is especially important for people with osteoarthritis in these joints.
Facing the wall of the pool and take a big step to the side and keep your toes in front of the wall of the pool and repeat this exercise on the other side and do three sets of 10 and To change, you can walk forward or tilt instead of standing in one direction.
Stand in the water by the pool, put your hands on the edge of the pool and spread your shoulders shoulder-width apart and apply pressure through your hands and raise your body halfway up the water, bend your elbows slightly and wait for three seconds.
Slowly go down to the pool.
These patients have bone weakness or problems or physical problems, which are weight-bearing exercises that promote the development and maintenance of healthy bone density (to the extent that joint health is allowed).
The choice of activities should reflect individual interests, abilities, and resources.
The physical benefits of these movements for hemophilia patients
Strong and flexible muscles support the joints and help prevent bleeding and joint damage.
Feeling fit and energized helps reduce fatigue.
Having a healthy weight reduces the pressure on the joints, which helps balance and coordination, especially in older bodies, and increases coordination between the joints and muscles to work better together and again.
Bleeding protection will help.
Do’s and Don’ts of Exercise for Hemophilia Patients
10 recommended activities for hemophilia patients:
10 Prohibited Activities for Hemophilia Patients:
Activities for older adults with hemophilia increase the risk of joint damage with age, and as a result, older adults may experience chronic pain and decreased mobility.
However, it is still essential to stay active to help strengthen joints and muscles, maintain a healthy weight, and provide an outlet for stress or tension.
In Updatebody, older adults are advised to choose activities that are “comfortable,” such as walking, swimming, yoga, Pilates, cycling, endurance training, or bowling.
Activities such as running, basketball or football are not recommended.
It is recommended to prepare for physical activity (or treatments to prevent bleeding) before engaging in any activity with a higher risk of injury.
Primary replacement therapy and prevention sometimes go hand in hand, depending on the risk of bleeding.
People with hemophilia are strongly advised to consult with pediatricians and physicians about physical activity and to check blood coagulation test values.
Tips for exercise and physical activity in children with hemophilia
Choosing an activity is very important for the child and you should consider the following:
What benefits are you looking for?
Are they highly physical, or social?
Is your child competitive?
How to safely check your child’s goals.
Is this an activity you can do as a family?
Doing activities together can help parents have more control over their child.
Does your child have “target” joints?
The target joint is a joint that has suffered from frequent bleeding. Make sure it is securely protected during activities
(for example, with a pair of braces or a suitable shoe)
Is there exercise to prevent injury to the elbow, ankle or knee joint?
Non-stop exercise can put these joints at a higher risk of bleeding, so they should be avoided.
When should I help you with activities?
If your child is on preventative treatment, talk to the HTC team about when to schedule the injection program
(for example, before exercise).
Does your child develop and reflect well?
If your child is young and still developing these skills, they are at high risk for reduction or injury.
Talk to your HTC Physiotherapist about activities that may be more appropriate and exercises that can help correct reactions.
What is the speed and possible connection of the body in this activity?
The higher the speed and the greater the potential for contact (such as football, rugby, hockey), the greater the risk of injury and bleeding.
Talk to your child about the potential dangers and whether they can enjoy another sport.