Bronchiolitis : 5 common and important questions
See all the things you need to know about bronchitis below.
Bronchitis is an infection of the small airways of the lungs (bronchioles).
This is a common problem in infants.
In most children, the disease is not serious and heals completely, but sometimes it becomes more serious and requires hospital care.
1- What is bronchitis?
Bronchitis means inflammation of the bronchioles, usually caused by a virus called respiratory syncytial virus (RSV).
There are other viruses that cause RSV, the common cause of colds, and in some children, the airway The child shrinks due to bronchiolitis.
The virus of this disease also enters the air in small drops of cough and sneezing and the infected bronchioles become swollen and full of mucus.
2- Who gets bronchitis?
It is estimated that in the UK, one in three babies under the age of 12 months is infected, and it often occurs in some children between the ages of 3 and 6 months, and is often considered a serious illness.
Three out of 100 babies are hospitalized and develop bronchitis in less than a year.
Children most affected:
Premature babies, babies with heart disease, and children with congenital lung disease.
3- What are the symptoms of bronchitis?
Bronchitis mostly occurs in winter.
Symptoms of colds:
runny nose, cough and mild fever usually within the first 2 to 3 days
Rapid breathing, difficulty breathing and wheezing transmit bronchioles infection and the number of breaths per minute reaches 60 to 80 per minute.
- Causes nasal congestion and severe cough.
- The joints between the ribs also move during the cough, and the reason is that the baby is trying to be able to breathe normally.
- The child may have trouble eating and drinking because the child is sick because the child tries to breathe easily while eating.
In general, the disease intensifies after 2 to 3 days, and the course of the disease is from mild to severe respiratory problems, and after the signs and symptoms intensify, they disappear easily after 1 to 2 weeks, but irritating coughs are possible.
It may take some time and remain for several weeks after the illness is over.
Some children may have wheezing or snoring, especially when they have a cold and cough, which is called bronchiolitis syndrome, which usually goes away over time.
In some cases, wheezing or snoring may increase or decrease.
Or it stops for a while and starts again due to a cold.
4- What is the treatment for bronchiolitis?
Bronchiolitis is a self-limiting disease and the immune system normally clears the virus and there is no drug to cure the disease.
Antibiotics are also the cause of the virus and are not usually prescribed.
The following are:
- Make sure the child is not dehydrated.
You feel that your child is dehydrated, it is appropriate for him to drink.
- If he has trouble breathing, you should help him.
- Possible side effects may occur. Be careful.
In most cases, the symptoms are not severe and the doctor examines and sees that the child is not dehydrated and is breathing well.
If your baby is drinking and eating well, this is a good sign and breathing is comfortable so your baby can sleep easily, and if you notice that your baby is not feeling well or you have seen the following, see your doctor. See:
- If your child does not eat or drink well.
- If the number of breaths per minute increases.
- If the child is trying to breathe.
- The baby’s color jumps and turns pink or blue.
5- Can bronchitis be prevented?
RSV virus causes bronchiolitis and also causes colds and coughs and the symptoms of this disease can not be completely avoided and it is wise to keep children away from people who cough a lot or have a cold.
However, this is still often not possible and there is no vaccine for the disease, but research is ongoing.
If you do not smoke or breastfeed, your baby may be protected against the disease:
Infants with bronchiolitis who are breastfed and children who live in a smoke-free home are less likely to be breastfed than children who are not breast-fed and who live in a smoke-free home.
Diseases are more severe because smoking causes the lining of the air walls to be less resistant to infection.
Also, breastfed babies are less likely to develop bronchitis due to antibodies in breast milk.